The Paine House is a saltbox built in 1694, a well-preserved example of First Period architecture. A section of the crawl space basement appears to have served as a dairy. This house uses the principal rafter and purlin system in which multiple purlins span the principal rafters beginning directly above the bay posts, and support vertically laid roofing boards. The method probably evolved from the roof framing of the west of England.
Sheathed walls and doors in the Paine house are decorated with shadow moldings created by planes that were run along the outer face of a board at its juncture with another, a relatively rare interior finish. Three generations of the Paine family made their home here, including Robert Paine, foreman of the Salem witch trial jury in 1692. The house became part of Greenwood Farm, an early 20th Century summer retreat for the Robert G. Dodge family. The property is now owned by the Trustees of Reservations which offers weekend tours.
View this house at MACRIS The Paine House, located on Jeffrey’s Neck Road at Greenwood Farm, is now owned by the Trustees of Reservations. The Paine House was recognized in 2001 with the Mary Conley Award for Restoration. An outstanding example of late First Period architecture, the Paine House is a saltbox with integral lean-to and chamfered exposed timber framing revealing heavy-timbered exposed summer beams, post systems, and lintels. The picturesque house remains on its original saltwater farm location. Its interiors are furnished with late 17th-19th-century pieces acquired during the Colonial Revival by former owners Alice and Robert Gray Dodge. Summer beam, fireplace and paneling in the Paine House Three generations of the Paine family made their home here, including Robert Paine, foreman of the Salem witch trial jury in 1692. From 1916, Greenwood Farm was a summer retreat for the Robert G. Dodge family, who used the Paine House as a guesthouse. Furnished with a fine collection of American furniture and decorative arts, it radiates with Colonial Revival ambiance. Recent archaeological investigations revealed a rare survival of an 18th-century milk room or dairy inside the house. Life on a Saltwater Farm: Situated on the edge of the Great Marsh, the 1694 Paine House at Greenwood Farm is the site of 250 years of family farming. Local residents set up fish drying stages, pastured cattle communally, and harvested salt marsh hay. A tour through the Paine House will illuminate the unique features of this First Period structure, including an “in situ” dairy. Trails through the pastureland and the salt marsh are open to all daily, sunrise to sunset. Gunstock corner posts in the Paine house Another unique feature of the house is its gunstock splayed corner posts, a British framing construction technique from the 13th century designed to support the weight born by these posts. The top of the corner post has a complex joint that first holds the wall plates and large supporting girts that run the length of the house as well as the roof frame. The corner posts run the full two story height of the building and are flared at the first floor ceiling height supporting the second floor plates and girts and again at the second floor ceiling, supporting the plates, girts and roof. Location: Greenwood Farm Click here for Driving Directions Trails through the pastureland and the salt marsh are open to all daily, sunrise to sunset.