The Preston-Foster house on Water St. in Ipswich

The following is a  list of First Period (1625-1725) and Second Period (1725-1776) houses in Ipswich, Massachusetts. Links are provided to photos and the history of the house .

The First Period of colonial American architecture was approximately 1626 through 1725. There are more remaining first Period houses in Essex County, MA than anywhere else in the country, and Ipswich has 59 (depending on who’s counting), more surviving First Period homes than any other town.

First Period houses have steeply pitched roofs, are asymmetrical due to having been built in phases, and feature large central chimneys. Exposed chamfered summer beams are almost always found, especially in the front rooms. First Period builders were often trained in English Medieval techniques. The fronts of these houses faced south to maximize heat from the sun’s rays, which explains why so many First Period homes line the north side of High Street in Ipswich.

The Second Period refers to Colonial Georgian architecture, from approximately 1725 until the American Revolution, which ushered in the Federal era. While often similar to fine First Period homes,  2nd houses feature a planned balanced facade, pilasters, other ornamental details and chimneys on either end of the house . Most earlier homes were updated to appear Georgian as they were enlarged or remodeled, but the lack of symmetry and the large central chimneys remain.

The Third Period was the Federal era between c. 1780 and 1830 but particularly from 1785 to 1815. It is also called “Adam” referring to three Scottish brothers who were influential designers of the era. Builders in the new American republic distanced themselves from English influence and created a new style unique to America. Federal era homes can be distinguished from Georgian architecture mostly by details, including semicircular fanlights over the front doors, side-lights on either side of the doors, palladian windows and wide corner boards.

After 1820 architecture in the United States underwent frequent stylistic changes, including the Greek Revival, Italianate and Gothic Revival Periods, followed by a half century of Victorian architecture: 2nd Empire, Queen Anne, Stick, and shingle styles.

SOURCES:

Address House (photo) Year Post Period
43 Argilla Rd Burnham-Giddings 1650 Read 1st
53 Argilla Samuel Kinsman 1750 Read 2nd
107 Argilla Rd Argilla Farm 1734 Read 2nd
151 Argilla Rd Isaac Goodale 1670 Read 1st
168 Argilla Rd Tilton-Smith 1706 Read 1st
178 Argilla Rd Stephen Smith 1742 Read 2nd
232 Argilla Rd John Patch 1760 Read 2nd
41 Candlewood Isaac Fellows 1705 Read 2nd
49 Candlewood Robert Kinsman 1714 Read 1st
59 Candlewood Jeremiah Kinsman 1756 Read 2nd
65 Candlewood Rhoda Kinsman 1818 Read 2nd
86 County Rd Brown-Burnham 1775 Read 2nd
88 County Rd Nathaniel Wade 1727 Read 2nd
83 County Rd Rogers-Brown-Rust 1750 Read 2nd
5 County St Ringe-Leatherland 1718 Read 2nd
7 County St Thomas Dennis 1670 Read 1st
9 County St Benjamin Dutch 1700 Read 1st
10 County St Dennis Dodge 1740 Read 2nd
11 County St Bennett-Caldwell 1725 Read 2nd
15 County St Eli Frisbee 1726 Read 2nd
16 County St Abraham Knowlton 1750 Read 2nd
47 County St Benjamin Grant 1735 Read 2nd
8 East St Matthew Perkins 1709 Read 1st
14 East St Baker-Newman 1725 Read 2nd
18 East St Dodge 1725 Read 2nd
24-26 East St Polly Dole 1720 Read 2nd
27 East St Elizabeth Caldwell 1740 Read 2nd
30-32 East St Francis Jordan 1700 Read 1st
38 East St John Harris 1742 Read 2nd
59 East St Ringe-Lord 1832 Read 2nd
62 East St Wainwright-Treadwell 1727 Read 2nd
76 East St Lakeman 1690 Read 1st
80 East St Perkins-Hodgkins 1700 Read 1st
16 Fellows Rd Ruth Fellows 1714 Read 1st
44 Fellows Rd Joseph Fellows Jr 1734 Read 2nd
12 Green St Andrew Burley 1688 Read 1st
42 Heartbreak Thomas Low 1684 Read 1st
45 Heartbreak James Burnham 1687 Read 1st
1 High St Rogers “Old Manse 1727 Read 2nd
3 High St John Gaines 1725 Read 2nd
9 – 11 High St J. or Samuel Newman 1762 Read 2nd
13 High St Joseph Willcomb 1668 Read 1st
17 High St Thomas Lord 1658 Read 1st
21 High St Haskell-Lord 1750 Read 2nd
26 High St Philip Call 1659 Read 1st
27 High St Edward Brown 1650 Read 1st
30 High St Joseph Bolles 1720 Read 2nd
33 High St Waldo-Caldwell 1660 Read 1st
34 High St White Horse Inn 1658 Read 1st
37 High St Lord-Baker 1720 Read 2nd
40 High St William Caldwell 1733 Read 2nd
41 High St Daniel Lummus 1686 Read 1st
42 High St Holland-Ringe 1742 Read 2nd
43 High St James Fitts 1767 Read 2nd
45 High St Jonathan Lummus 1712 Read 1st
52-54 High St Kingsbury-Lord 1660 Read 1st
57 High St Stone-Rust 1750 Read 2nd
70 High St
Wood-Lord 1725 Read 2nd
71 High St View 1750 2nd
73 High St Nathaniel Lord 1720 Read 2nd
77 High St John Kimball 1680 Read 1st
82 High St John Brewer 1700 Read 1st
83 High St Old Jail 1771 Read 2nd
85 High St Eliz./Philip Lord 1774 Read 2nd
88 High St Simon-Shatswell 1640 Read 1st
95 High St Simon Adams 1700 Read 1st
103 High St Merchant-Choate 1639 Read 1st
100 High St Joseph Fowler 1725 Read 2nd
104 High St John Kimball 1715 Read 1st
106 High St Caleb Kimball 1715 Read 1st
115 High St Baker-Sutton 1725 Read 2nd
108 High St Dow-Harris 1735 Read 2nd
110 High St John Kimball Jr. 1730 Read 2nd
307 High St Moses Jewett 1759 Read 2nd
321 High St Aaron Jewett 1780 Read 2nd
3 Hovey St John Kendrick 1665 Read 1st
49 Jeffreys Neck Paine-Dodge 1694 Read 1st
52 Jeffreys Neck Ross Tavern 1675 Read 1st
52 Jeffreys Neck Shatswell Planter’s Cottage 1646 Read 1st
68 Jeffreys Neck Capt. John Smith 1740 Read 2nd
27 Lakeman’s Benjamin Fellows 1740 Read 2nd
41 Linebrook Old Cross Farm 1716 Read 2nd
51 Linebrook Hart House 1650 Read 1st
297 Linebrook Chapman 1720 Read 2nd
313 Linebrook William Conant 1769 Read 2nd
316 Linebrook John Peabody 1780 Read 2nd
341 Linebrook Joseph Conant 1700
392 Linebrook Emerson Howe 1810 Read 3rd
421 Linebrook Abraham Howe Barn 1725 Read 1st
20 Market St Stacey-Ross 1734 Read 2nd
8 Meetinghouse David T. Kimball 1808 Read 2nd
35 Mill Rd William Warner 1780 Read 2nd
50 Mill Rd Caleb Warner 1734 Read 2nd
22 Mineral St Ephraim Harris 1696 Read 1st
34 Mitchell Rd Mitchell House 1790 Read 2nd
35 Mitchell Rd Mitchell Barn 1700’s MACRIS 2nd
38 Newmarch Tobias Lakeman 1732 Read 2nd
2 North Main John Appleton 1707 Read 1st
8 North Main E. Stanwood 1747 Read 2nd
12 North Main Treadwell’s Inn 1741 Read 2nd
36 North Main Dr. John Manning 1765 Read 2nd
38 North Main Old Post Office 1763 Read 2nd
49 North Main John Chapman 1770 Read 2nd
48 North Main Thomas Morley 1750 Read 2nd
50 North Main James Brown 1720 Read 2nd
52 North Main Treadwell-Hale 1769 Read 2nd
55 North Main Day-Dodge 1737 Read 2nd
58 North Main Richard Rogers 1728 Read 2nd
2 Old England Capt. Treadwell 1748 Read 2nd
2 Poplar St Swasey Tavern 1700 Read 2nd
7 Poplar St Dr. John Calef 1671 Read 1st
4 South Main Sherborne Wilson 1685 Read 1st
31 South Main Thomas Manning (Souther) 1726 Read 2nd
59 South Main . Philomen Dean 1716 Read 2nd
69 South Main Samuel Dutch 1723 Read 2nd
1 S Village Gr. John Whipple 1653 Read 1st
3 S Village Gr. Aaron Smith 1776 Read 2nd
7 S Village Gr. Colonel John Baker 1761 Read 2nd
5 Spring St John Henderson 1777 Read 2nd
3 Summer St Benjamin Kimball 1720 Read 1st
5 Summer St Widow Fuller 1725 Read 2nd
7 Summer St Thomas Treadwell 1740 Read 2nd
9-11 Summer Nathaniel Hovey 1718 Read 1st
15 Summer St Jonathan Pulcifer 1718 Read 1st
19 Summer St Soloman Lakeman 1750 Read 2nd
27 Summer St Thomas Knowlton 1688 Read 1st
39 Summer St Foster -Grant 1717 Read 1st
43 Summer St Willcomb-Pinder 1718 Read 1st
44 Summer St James Foster 1720 Read 1st
24 Topsfield Rd Appleton-Kimball 1688 Read 1st
114 Topsfield Rd Goodhue-Adams 1763 Read 2nd
130 Topsfield Rd Robert Wallis 1703 Read 2nd
1 Turkey Shore Burham-Patch 1730 Read 2nd
2 Turkey Shore Heard-Lakeman 1776 Read 2nd
41 Turkey Shore Howard 1640 Read 1st
67 Turkey Shore Stephen Boardman 1725 Read 2nd
6 Water St Preston – Foster 1690 Read 1st
12 Water St Glazier – Sweet 1728 Read 2nd
11 Woods Lane Mercy Merrifield 1754 Read 2nd

Ipswich First Period Houses

Ipswich Second Period Houses

Ipswich Third Period Houses